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Oral Health During Pregnancy

When you are pregnant it is important to take extra care of your body, especially your teeth and gums. Because of hormonal changes in your body during pregnancy your chances can increase of developing gum disease. When you are pregnant make sure you practice good oral hygiene. This means brushing and flossing every day. By combining this routine with a healthy, balanced diet and regular dental visits, you will not only help avoid dental problems for yourself but also support the healthy development of your baby.

A quick guide to pregnancy and oral hygiene:

  • Brush thoroughly at least twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush 
  • Use adult fluoride toothpaste (look for at least 1000 ppm, a measure of flouride)
  • Floss daily to remove plaque from between your teeth and under the gum line
  • Eat a well-balanced diet, rich in calcium; this will help keep your baby and your teeth and gums healthy
  • Update your dentist about your pregnancy and any changes in medication
  • Continue to visit your dentist or hygienist for regular check-ups

How does pregnancy affect my teeth and gums?

Pregnancy causes hormonal fluctuations that increase your risk for gum disease. The changing hormone levels in your body can make your gums more sensitive to harmful plaque. If you already have signs of gum disease, being pregnant may make it worse. This is why it's vital to pay careful attention to your daily brushing and flossing routine to keep plaque under control. As soon as you know that you are pregnant, tell your dentist because it may not be safe to have x-rays during pregnancy. You should also let your dentist know if you are trying to get pregnant: knowing this can help in planning x-rays or other treatments. During pregnancy tell your dentist what medicines you are taking and if your physician has given you any specific medical advice, as it may affect the treatment given.

Pregnancy and your diet?

Foods rich in calcium are good for developing teeth and bones. Your body is the sole provider of nourishment for your unborn child. Check with your doctor as he or she is the best person to give you detailed advice on what to eat while pregnant.


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